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Black basalt, a material that was first introduced to the Wedgwood manufactory in 1768, is an extremely hard stoneware made from reddish-brown clay which turns black on firing due to the addition of manganese oxide. The production of black basalt was inspired by the excavation of Etruscan antiquities from archaeological sites in Italy, and by the many vases in the renowned collection amassed by Sir William Hamilton. 
 This example from 1895 was made using the slip-casting method, whereby liquid clay is poured into a mould and allowed to set before firing. The low-relief Neoclassical figures were moulded separately and applied to the body.

Black basalt, a material that was first introduced to the Wedgwood manufactory in 1768, is an extremely hard stoneware made from reddish-brown clay which turns black on firing due to the addition of manganese oxide. The production of black basalt was inspired by the excavation of Etruscan antiquities from archaeological sites in Italy, and by the many vases in the renowned collection amassed by Sir William Hamilton.
This example from 1895 was made using the slip-casting method, whereby liquid clay is poured into a mould and allowed to set before firing. The low-relief Neoclassical figures were moulded separately and applied to the body.
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